The effective date of new laws can vary. Some legislation designates that the new regulations begin immediately upon becoming law. In other cases, legislation is date-specific, including the start of a new fiscal year or calendar year.
Among the 253 new laws taking effect on January 1, 2019, here are 10 new initiatives added to Illinois' law books.
Look back for safety: It's a fact: Rear-facing child seats offer greater protection. Beginning Jan. 1, toddlers under the age of 2 must be in one. HB 4377
Active shooter safety drills: Every Illinois school must conduct at least one law enforcement- led active shooter safety drill a year. #2 SB 2350
Does the Tilt-a-Whirl operator have a criminal past? To increase public safety, carnival companies must conduct criminal background checks of all employees.The new law is in response to a murder in Farmer City by carnival workers. #4SB 3240
Helping threatened pets: Police can take temporary custody of dogs and cats exposed to weather conditions likely to result in injury or death. #5SB 2270
#MeToo protections expanded: Companies that wish to do business with state government must have policies on how they address sexual harassment complaints. Same goes for companies in the EDGE tax credit program. #6SB 405
Anti-social media: Stalking laws expand to include unwanted messages sent and received through social media apps.The new law also allows businesses, places of worship and schools to seek restraining orders against stalkers. SB 3411
New moms have enough to deal with already: Now, nursing mothers will be excluded from jury duty at their request. #9HB 5745
Stopping gun violence before it happens: Family members or police who believe someone is a threat to themselves or others can go to court to ask a judge to temporarily remove any guns. #10HB 2354